Fire Ceremony Maha Shivaratri havan
The Great Night of Shiva
February, 21.- 22 2019
21.00, 00.00, 03.00 Shiva lingam pooja
06.00 Shiva lingam pooja and havan
Maha Shivratri is a Hindu festival celebrated every year in reverence of Lord Shiva.
It is also known as padmarajarathri.
It is celebrated every year on the 13th night/14th day of the Maagha month of the Hindu calendar.
Since many different calendars are followed by various ethno-linguistic groups of India, the month and the Tithi name are not uniform all over India and Nepal.
The festival is principally celebrated by offerings of Bael or Bilva / Vilvam leaves to Lord Shiva, all-day fasting and an all-night-long vigil.
All through the day the devotees, chant the sacred Panchakshara mantra dedicated to Lord "Om Namah Shivaya".
In accordance with scriptural and discipleship traditions, penances are performed in order to gain boons in the practice of Yoga and meditation, in order to reach life's summum bonum steadily and swiftly.
Very early morning, Shiva temples are flocked by devotees, young and old, who come to perform the traditional Shivalinga worship (puja) and hence hope for favours from the God.
Devotees bathe at sunrise, preferably in the Ganga, or any other holy water source (like the Shiva Sagartank at Khajurao). This is a rite of purification, which is an important part of all Hindu festivals. Wearing clean clothing after the holy bath, worshippers carry pots of water to the temple to bathe the Shivalinga.
Women and men both offer prayers to the sun, Vishnu and Shiva.
The temple reverberates with the sound of bells and shouts of “Shankerji ki Jai” meaning 'Hail Shiva'.
Devotees circulate the lingam three or seven times, and then pour water over it. Some also pour milk over it.
According to the Shiva Purana, the Mahashivaratri worship must incorporate six items:
- Bathing the Shiv Linga with water, milk and honey. Wood, apple or bel leaves are added to, which represents purification of the soul;
- Vermilion paste is applied to the Shiv Linga after bathing it. This represents virtue;
- Offering of fruits, which is conducive to longevity and gratification of desires;
- Burning incense, yielding wealth;
- The lighting of the lamp which is conducive to the attainment of knowledge;
- And betel leaves marking satisfaction with worldly pleasures.
Tripundra refers to the three horizontal stripes of holy ash applied to the forehead by worshipers of Lord Shiva. These stripes symbolise spiritual knowledge, purity and penance (spiritual practice of Yoga). They also represent the three eyes of Lord Shiva.
Wearing a mala (rosary) made from the rudraksha seeds of the rudraksha tree (said to have sprung from the tears of Lord Shiva) when worshiping Lord Shiva is ideal.
A rudraksha seed is mahogany-like color, or could sometimes be black. They might also have traces of sacred sandalwood powder, turmeric, kumkum, or holy ash if the rosary is used in worship ceremonies or annointations.
One of the legends:
After creation was complete, Parvati asked Lord Shiva which devotees and rituals pleased him the most. The Lord replied that the 14th night of the new moon, in the dark fortnight during the month of Phalgun, is his most favourite day.
Parvati repeated these words to her friends, from whom the word spread over all creation.
Samudra Manthan Hindus celebrate Mahashivratri, because – according to Vedic Literatures – there is a legend associated called Neelkanta.
After drinking the poison, Shiva went to the Himalayas to meditate. Realising that the nectar of immortality was found,the asuras tried to steal it from the devas, as they wanted to become more powerful than the devas in order to be able to destroy them. After a “series of divine interventions,” the devas emerged as the winners and received the gift of immortality. By drinking the poison, Shiva sacrificed himself for the safety of his family (universe).