Fire Ceremony Raksha Bandhan Havan
Raksha Bandhan is a Hindu festival that celebrates the love and duty between brothers and sisters; the festival is also popularly used to celebrate any brother-sister like loving protective relationship between men and women who are relatives or biologically unrelated.
It is called Rakhi Purnima, or simply Rakhi, in many parts of India.
The festival is observed by Hindus, Jains, and many Sikhs.
Raksha Bandhan is an ancient festival, and has many myths and historic legends linked to it.
For example, the Rajput queens practised the custom of sending rakhi threads to neighbouring rulers as token of brotherhood.
On Raksha Bandhan, sisters tie arakhi (sacred thread) on her brother's wrist. This symbolizes the sister's love and prayers for her brother's well-being, and the brother's lifelong vow to protect her.
The festival falls on the full moon day (Shravan Poornima) of the Shravan month of the Hindu lunisolar calendar.
Raksha Bandhan in Sanskrit literally means "the tie or knot of protection". It is an ancient Hindu festival that ritually celebrates the love and duty between brothers and their sisters.
The sister performs a Rakhi ceremony, then prays to express her love and her wish for the well being of her brother; in return, the brother ritually pledges to protect and take care of his sister under all circumstances. It is one of the several occasions in which family ties are affirmed in India.
The festival is also an occasion to celebrate brother-sister like family ties between cousins or distant family members, sometimes between biologically unrelated men and women.
To many, the festival transcends biological family, brings together men and women across religions, diverse ethnic groups and ritually emphasizes harmony and love.
Gayatri Jayanti is observed as the birth anniversary of Goddess Gayatri, the Goddess of Veda. Being the Goddess of all Veda, Goddess Gayatri is also known as Veda Mata.
It is believed that Goddess Gayatri is manifestation of all phenomenal attributes of Brahman. She is also worshipped as the Goddess of Hindu Trimurti. She is considered as the mother of all Gods and embodiment of Goddess Saraswati, Goddess Parvati and Goddess Lakshmi.
Most people, especially in South India, observe Gayatri Jayanti during Shravana Purnima. According to Matantara i.e. due to the difference of opinions to observe Gayatri Jayanti, it is also observed on Shukla Paksha Ekadashi during Jyeshtha lunar month. Matantara Gayatri Jayanti is usually observed on the next day of Ganga Dussehra.
Devotees observe Gayatri Jayanti by making special prayers to Gayatri Mata and by repeatedly chanting Gayatri Mantra.
In modern India, Gayatri Jayanti day during Shravana Purnima is observed as Sanskrit Diwas, a day to mark the importance of Sanskrit language. Various activities, seminars and workshops are organized on the day of Sanskrit Diwas to promote the Vedic language. In current time, the usage of Sanskrit has been limited to only Puja-Patha and academic activities.